How To Start A Poultry Farming Business in Nigeria

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Running a poultry farming business shouldn’t be solely profitable, however it could make you an employer of labour.

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Today, poultry farming is an indispensable phase of agriculture and contributes over 25% of agriculture’s GDP to the nation’s financial system.

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Despite the rise within the variety of entrepreneurs investing in poultry farming, the demand for poultry merchandise nonetheless stays huge. This is as a result of poultry meat and eggs are some of the consumed animal proteins in Nigeria. So, there’s a necessity for extra entrepreneurs to embrace poultry farming.

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Poultry Farming Business

Poultry Farming is an act of rearing and breeding home birds for industrial functions or private consumption. It could be hen, turkey, duck, geese, peacock, guinea fowl, e.t.c. Poultry can produce eggs, feathers or function meat.

Currently, Nigeria has the second-largest hen inhabitants in Africa after South Africa. It produces thousand tonnes of eggs and meat and contribute to individuals’s livelihoods by way of quite a few channels.

Poultry farming supplies income for households, employment that reinforces the financial system, manure for fertilizers, and funding alternative for investors. More so, the excessive consumption charge of the top merchandise of poultry makes the success of the business assured.

In this text, I’ll discover how one can begin a poultry farm. It doesn’t matter whether or not you will have restricted start-up capital or not, you’ll learn to begin and develop your poultry farming business from this text.

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How To Start A Poultry Farming Business

Business Plan And Business Registration

If you’re a common on this platform, it’s best to know by now that the primary and most necessary steps to beginning any business are having a business plan and registering your business with the suitable authorities.

A business plan lists your business goals and methods on the way to obtain them. Also, a business plan is required if you wish to search out traders. In addition, you want a workable business model with a transparent technique of producing income.

Your business needs to be registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC). You can both register as a business identify, restricted legal responsibility firm or partnership. You may have to talk to a lawyer to information you or attain out to ReDahlia which provides business registration as a part of their companies.

Having finished that, the next step-by-step plan will information you in successfully beginning and operating your poultry farming business.

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Initial Capital Depend On Scale

Poultry farming business could be capital intensive relying on the dimensions you need to function. If you need to begin small, you can begin with as little capital as your financial savings can afford.

Operating on a big scale requires lots of of hundreds to tens of millions of naira relying on how large you plan to start. The greater you propose to begin, the extra capital funding you must make. Simply put, what you place in, is what you get out.

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In poultry farming, location is a crucial issue. It has a direct impact in your price and plans. For occasion, you’ll be able to determine to begin from your property if it’s spacious sufficient or purchase a chunk of land the place you’ll be able to rear hundreds of chickens.

More so, working a poultry farm in a rural space, far-off from noise air pollution is advisable however, you must issue transportation and highway community. A very good highway community ensures that you’re accessible to consumers and it’s simple so that you can transport your merchandise to the purpose of sale.

Operating in rural areas helps lower down bills and offers you entry to low-cost labour.

In addition, you have to guarantee you will have entry to wash water provide, electrical energy, and safety for your self and the livestock.

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Decide On The Kind Of Poultry Farming

After selecting a location, the subsequent step is to conclude on the sort of livestock you need to rear. Basically, there are completely different sorts of poultry farming. Some of that are hen, quail, duck, geese, guinea fowl, squabs, turkey, broilers, layers, cockerel e.t.c

The hen is essentially the most broadly domesticated fowl. It is usually raised for its meat and eggs and fewer generally as pets. There are completely different sorts of hen; broilers and layers are essentially the most recognized.

A broiler could be up on the market in about two-months if well-fed. Also, a layer hen can lay over 300 eggs in about 364 days earlier than changing into weak and subsequently used for meat.

Besides, poultry farming may contain hatchery and poultry feed manufacturing. Hatchery is a synthetic management of eggs for industrial functions. While poultry feed is the feed meant solely for poultry manufacturing.

For birds to develop and be productive, they must be well-fed. Their feeds have to be balanced, nutrition-wise. Also, water is essential for rising wholesome poultry. Therefore clear water on the proper amount have to be available.

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Housing Structure

Depending on the sort of poultry, there are completely different sorts of housing programs you’ll be able to create to accommodate the birds. For instance; you’ll be able to create a deep litter, half litter, half slats, and battery cage programs.

The deep litter relies on the spreading of straw or sawdust materials in indoor cubicles. The slated flooring could be slated, iron rod or wooden reapers used as flooring and about 2-Three toes above the bottom stage to allow droppings by way of the slats. There’s additionally the mixture of the slate and litter system the place 60% of the ground is roofed with slate and the remaining with litters.

The battery cages are made from steel in a contemporary system of housing. It is usually used for laying hens. Rows and columns of equivalent cages are related collectively and organized in items as in an artillery battery.

The housing system will also be grouped into three; intensive, semi-intensive, and intensive.

The intensive system employs the free-range system of housing. The free-range system is adopted solely when satisfactory land is accessible to make sure desired stocking density to keep away from overcrowding.

The Semi-intensive is when birds are half-way reared in-house and half-way on the surface. And the intensive, birds are totally confined to homes both on the ground or on wire-netting flooring in cages or on slates.

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Size Of Workers

The dimension of the farm and the variety of hen will inform the variety of workers you want. Rearing 50 -100 birds could be single-handedly finished, however hundreds require succesful fingers.

Part of the job is preserving data. You have to maintain data of the whole lot from feed consumption charge to water consumption charge even to mortality charge. The data turn out to be useful when making future forecasts about your business.

Your accounts must be intact as nicely; you don’t need to run into monetary challenges. You should determine whether or not you’ll be able to deal with these or should you need assistance dealing with them.

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You Need A Vet

Poultry could be prone to bacterial an infection, pathogens, and viruses. So, you want the advise and consultations of Vet proper from the start of your enterprise.

There are routine vaccinations and medicines that poultry wants to remain wholesome and productive. If they don’t get the medicines on time, they might not resist sure ailments. Trying to save lots of price on this will likely outcome to penny-wise, pound silly.

Many poultry farms have been worn out prior to now because of preventable ailments. Not doing the needful will see you shedding your funding.


The work is not going to be full if money doesn’t change fingers. You should rigorously consider the way you’re going to get individuals to purchase your product.

First, you want an internet site. Also, you have to have social media pages the place you’ll be able to talk your model providing. There are potential purchasers on-line who could make orders on-line should you make it simple for them to take action. In addition, you have to print flyers and different advertising and marketing supplies.

Most importantly, you have to know who your goal market is and the place they’re. Hotels, eating places, supermarkets, and so forth are locations you have to go to and distribute your advertising and marketing supplies.

Also, your loved ones, mates, neighbours, and any social affiliation you belong to ought to learn about your business. Their phrase of mouth promoting will do your business good.

Poultry Farm Equipment

Depending in your selection of poultry farming, there are a number of tools wanted to have a easy operation. Some of which will likely be defined within the following paragraphs;

i. Incubation Equipment

Incubation tools is used for hatching eggs for one more manufacturing course of. There are a number of sorts of incubator tools like a setter, hatcher, compressed air system, emergency standby electrical crops, hatchery automation.

ii. Egg Handling Equipment

This embody; hatching egg trays, egg washer, hatching egg switch machine.

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iii. Egg Candler

This is a lighting machine used for testing eggs; to see the within of a fertilized egg throughout incubation. There are two sorts; particular person and mass candlers.

iv. Heaters or Brooder Equipment

These are tools used to supply light and heat to rear the child chicks in the course of the first few weeks of life. They include some heating supply like reflectors.

They are additionally used to control the temperature stage on the farm. Examples embody; Gas brooder, range, infra-red bulbs, reflectors, guard, heaters, e.t.c

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v. Feeding Equipment

These are quite a few varieties of kit utilized in feeding the birds. They come in numerous shapes, kinds and designs. They are; automated feeder, linear feeder, round feeder, small grit field

vi. Water Equipment

Just like there are a number of feeding tools, there are additionally watering tools for supplying water to the hen. There are water heaters, softeners and filters. And they’re; water basin, pan and jar sort, nipple drinker, handbook drinker, e.t.c

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vii. Vaccination

For remedies there are syringe with needle/vaccine droppers, automated vaccinator and fowl pox vaccinator/lancet.

viii. Other tools

  • Beak trimmer; to chop a portion of the beak so as to stop cannibalism amongst birds
  • Chick field; to maintain hen who’re laying eggs
  • Nest bins; to get clear eggs
  • Weighing balances; to weigh birds or feeds for report and advertising and marketing functions
  • Perches/Roost; a wood machine normally stored at a top of about Three-5” from the ground so as to assist the hen to face over it.
  • Ventilation Fan; to regulate the temperature contained in the farm.
  • Rake: made up of iron rods and fitted with wood deal with. It is used to rake the litter materials in case of a deep-litter system of rearing.
  • Sprinkler; to chill the environment and roof of the farm throughout scorching climate
  • Sprayer; for spraying, disinfectant or sanitizer within the farm space.
  • Flame-gun (Blow-Lamp); To rid the constructing from exterior parasites and/or their eggs/larva e.t.c

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Yeap! There you will have it; all you have to begin a poultry farming business. Like each business idea we focus on on this platform, there are dangers and success shouldn’t be assured simply by beginning.

There will likely be challenges alongside the best way. It takes laborious work, persistence, willpower and the willingness to persevere to achieve any business enterprise.

There’s no leaping the rope. You want to begin by doing the primary issues; register and construction your business. Also, it helps to begin small, so you’ll be able to style the waters.

Do you presently run a poultry farm or are you pondering of beginning a poultry farm? We will like to listen to your ideas within the feedback.

You need to give your business visibility today. Contact us to put your business on the world map.

The publish How To Start A Poultry Farming Business in Nigeria appeared first on Entrepreneurs In Nigeria.

Durodola Bolaji

A network marketer, entrepreneur and investor, I am happily married with kids. I reside in Ibadan and run a company in Northern side of Nigeria. I am currently earning passive income working from the comfort of my home using the Internet, email, and the telephone with an incredible sense of security and peace of mind. I've been earning a full-time income from home online since 2014, mostly within the network marketing and direct sales industry, and in recent years.

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